The two were attacked in Moscow on 20 January 2009 as they left a press conference at the Independent Press Centre. Markelov, a human rights lawyer, had worked for Novaya Gazeta and had represented the journalist Anna Politkovskaya before her assassination in October 2006, as well as the families of Chechens who had disappeared. Just hours before his killing, he had issued a statement protesting the early release of a Russian army officer who had been convicted in 2003 for the murder of a Chechen girl. Anastasiya Baburova was walking alongside Markelov when he was shot. She reportedly attempted to apprehend the gunman, but was herself shot in the head, and later died in hospital. Baburova had joined Novaya Gazeta in October 2008 and had been researching neo-Nazism and race-motivated crimes in Russia.
On 5 November 2009, a Russian Investigative Committee charged Nikita Tikhonov (29) and Yevgenia Khasis (24) with Markelov and Baburova’s murder. The accused were reported to have been members of the Russian National Union, an ultra-nationalist radical group which has been banned in the country.
Tikhonov was found guilty on 28 April 2011 of killing Markelov and Baburova, as well as of the illegal appropriation and possession of firearms and the forgery of personal identity documents. He was sentenced on 5 May 2011 to life imprisonment in a strict-regime penal colony. Khasis was declared an accomplice in the murder and found guilty of illegally possessing firearms, and will serve an 18-year term in a regular-regime penal colony. Their lawyers have filed an appeal against the conviction.
*** Thank you to all PEN members who wrote appeals following the murders of Markelov and Baburova. No further action is required. ***
For a report by the Committee to Protect Journalists on the sentencing click here.
For a report by the International Press Federation, click here.
For the Committee to Protect Journalists’ (CPJ) report on attacks on the press in Russia, 2010, please click here.
Originally posted with the url: www.englishpen.org/writersinprison/wipcnews/russiatwosentencedformurderofjournalistanastasiyababurovaandhumanrightslawyerstanislavmarkelov/