Uzbekistan: Concerns over the Detention of journalist Umida Niyazova

English PEN is deeply concerned about the imprisonment of journalist and human rights defender Umida Niyazova. It is believed that she is being held for her reporting on human rights abuses in Uzbekistan and for her criticism of the government. Niyazova is held in violation of Article 19 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, to which Uzbekistan is a party and which guarantees the right to freedom of expression. English PEN calls for Umida Niyazova’s immediate and unconditional release.

Niyazova has worked since 2000 for the Centre for Journalists in Extreme Situations (CJES), a media rights group based in Moscow that monitors attacks against the press in former Soviet states. Since 2005 she had been a contributor to its Oasis web-site covering Central Asian issues. In addition to working as a translator for Human Rights Watch,  she has also worked for the Internews network and Freedom House.

The following is an appeal issued by Amnesty International on 6 February 2006. PEN members are asked to send appeals following the guidance given in Amnesty International’s alert as a matter of urgency.

Amnesty International Urgent Action – EUR 62/001/2007

6 February 2007

Amnesty International is concerned for the safety and the well-being of human rights defender Umida Niazova, who has been in detention in Uzbekistan since 22 January 2007. Amnesty International considers Umida Niazova to be a prisoner of conscience, detained solely for carrying out her human rights activities, and calls for her to be released from detention immediately and unconditionally.

Thirty-two-year old Umida Niazova, an independent human rights activist and journalist, spent the first four days of her detention unable to communicate with the outside world in a prison in Andizhan, in the south-east of the country, near the border with Kyrgyzstan, where she was detained on 22 January. On 26 January she was moved to the capital Tashkent. In custody at the General Transport Prosecutor’s office she was allowed to contact her lawyer and to meet briefly with a relative. She was reported to have appeared tired and drawn with swollen and red-rimmed eyes. She reportedly said she had been unable to sleep and was worried about what would happen to her. She was also concerned about her two-year-old son. On 28 January she was transferred to the pre-trial detention facility at Tashkent prison (Tashtiurma). She was charged with illegally crossing the Uzbekistani border under Article 223 of the Uzbekistani Criminal Code and with smuggling literature of a subversive and “extremist” nature into the country under Article 246. Both articles carry possible prison terms of up to 10 years. She was remanded in custody for three months.

The main charge against her – smuggling – relates to an earlier incident on 21 December 2006 when Umida Niazova was detained for nine hours by transport police as she cleared customs at Tashkent airport. She had just returned from a human rights seminar in Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan. Although she was released after questioning, police confiscated her laptop computer, flashcard and passport. No criminal charges were brought but she had to sign an undertaking not to leave the country and cooperate with prosecutors in their investigation into possible offences committed by her, namely possession of anti-state materials on her laptop computer. Her laptop was sent for expert examination to establish whether any materials stored on it were of a subversive or extremist nature. Among the materials contained on the laptop was reportedly the published report on the Andizhan mass killings in May 2005 by the international non-governmental organization (NGO) Human Rights Watch (HRW). Umida Niazova has been working for HRW’s office in Tashkent as a translator. She had previously worked for the international freedom of expression NGOs Internews and Freedom House. There was concern that the authorities were threatening Umida Niazova with criminal prosecution in order to intimidate her and to deter her from pursuing her human rights activities.

In January 2007 Umida Niazova’s lawyer informed her that her laptop had been examined and that the experts had apparently decided that there were no grounds to bring criminal charges against her. She was due to meet her lawyer in Tashkent on 22 January to collect her laptop and her passport; however, she was detained before she could get to Tashkent. As transpired six days later, the criminal charges had not been dropped.

Please send appeals:


– expressing concern for the safety and well-being of Umida Niazova and calling for guarantees that she will not be tortured or ill-treated in detention and that she will get access to necessary medical attention;

– stating that Amnesty International considers Umida Niazova to be a prisoner of conscience, imprisoned solely for carrying out her human rights work, and calling for her immediate release;

– urging the authorities to ensure that everyone can peacefully exercise their right to freedom of expression in conformity with Article 19 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights to which Uzbekistan is a State Party;

– reminding the authorities of the right of human rights defenders to carry out their activities without any restrictions or fear of reprisals, as set out in the United Nations Declaration on the Rights and Responsibilities of Individuals, Groups and Institutions to Promote and Protect Universally Recognised Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms.

Appeals may be sent to:


President  Islam KARIMOV,
Rezidentsia prezidenta
ul. Uzbekistanskaia 43
700163 Tashkent
Fax: 998 71 139 53 25

Minister of Internal Affairs
Ministerstvo vnutrennikh del RU
ul. Novruz 1
700029 Tashkent, UZBEKISTAN
Fax: 998 71 133 89 34

Prosecutor General
Rashidzhon KODIROV
Prokuratura Respubliki Uzbekistan,
ul. Gulyamova, 66,
700047 Tashkent,
Fax. 998 71 133 39 17/ 133 73 68

Copies to:

Minister of Foreign Affairs
Vladimir NOROV,
Ministerstvo inostrannikh del RU
Mustakillik pl. 5
700029 Tashkent
Fax: 998 71 139 15 17

It may be most effective to send the above appeals via the representative in London:

HE Mr Tukhtapulat Tursunovich Riskiev
41 Holland Park
London W11 3RP
Fax: (020) 7229 7029

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