Liberalism is under attack. In 2021 Freedom House reported that the number of free countries has dropped to its lowest level in 15 years. Freedom of speech is also facing opposition; and liberal institutions, such as an independent judiciary, are being threatened by authoritarians and populists.
Timothy Garton Ash, author of many books about Europe, Eastern Europe and freedom of speech, believes that we need to defend liberal values. He argues that must address the failings of liberalism – such as market fundamentalism – which has led to millions supporting populists; and meet, though liberal means, the global challenges of climate change, pandemics and the rise of China.
He is in discussion with Nigel Warburton, writer and editor of Philosophy Bites.